What are Scripts?
Scripts are pre-existing knowledge of how to act in certain situations,
what to expect and the order in which things happen. A good example of a script is how to act during
school. At ages 3-4, children only remember a few details such as we go in, sit down and leave when we are finished. As we
age we remember specfic aspects of the classroom such as we have learned that we should be on time (hopefully), sit down in
our seats, not fall asleep (as hard as it may be at times), pay attention, take notes and when class is over we
go off to our next class.
Scripts are similar to Schemes,
but schemes are a pre-exitising group of information about memories, thoughts, and strategies
which a child can use to determine how they want to act in a particular situation.
What is a Mental Map?
A Mental map is a cognitive representations
of an actual familiar location such as a room, playground, etc. If we were asked to draw
a map to your house for
friend that would most likely be no problem. But for younger children this may be difficult even if they
would be able to find a way there themselves. As children mature they develop mental routes throughout places they regularly
visit such as their neighborhood or school. First the child would recognize specific landmarks,
then they would put a group of landmarks together this is called route knowledge and lastly they
would develop a mental map of the area.