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Metacognition and Content Knowledge

Implicit and Explicit

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What is the Difference between the
      two types of Metacognitive 
  Knowledge, Implicit and Explicit?
Implicit Metacognitive Knowledge is the ability to monitor ones own cognitive activites. A perfect example from in the text (Children's Thinking by Siegler and Alibali) was about a child who continually is monitoring his/her own speech. When the child makes a mistake when speaking they will stop and say the sentence over again but correctly. They are aware that they had made a mistake in their language whether it be a grammatical, pronouncing or naming error because their are monitoring their cognitive activities. Though in this type of metacognitive knowledge the individual is unaware that they are infact monitioring themselves.


Explicit Metacognitive Knowledge is ones knowledge about tasks, strategies and people. An example of explicit metacognition would be taking a test at school. The student is aware of what they understand and what they need to work on (knowledge of self/people), they realize that if they don’t understand something they will have to search for the right information or ask for help (knowledge about tasks), and they are able to choose from a variety of strategies to assist them in studying for the test (knowledge about strategies). Most of the information gained about each of these categories occurs between the ages of 5 and 10. Lastly individuals are aware of their thoughts about these categories.

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