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Metacognition and Content Knowledge

Metacognition | Implicit & Explicit | Strategies | Content Knowledge & Scripts | Links | Contact Us



       To Kristie, Erin and
        Jenn's website on

Throughout this website we will be introducing you to Metacognition and Content Knowledge. We will be discussing
Implicit and Explicit Metacognition as well as various beneficial memory strategies and finally content knowledge and scripts. We hope this site will help you in understanding your own thinking!  


What is Metacognition?

Is an individuals knowledge and control over their own cognitive activates. This would include the child's knowledge of self, 'theory of mind', knowledge about specific tasks and strategies. Metacognitive control involves strategic planning, self monitoring, and your ability to change strategies to maximize your performance.


What is Theory of Mind?

The emergence of theory of mind occurs when a child recognizes that others have their own thoughts and concerns. Children begin to recognize this at around the age of 4. "Theory of Mind" was coined by David Premack and Guy Woodruff when they were investigating whether or not chimpanzees could predict the behavior of another, in other words if they understood that others had their own intentions and motivations. A child who had a 'Theory of Mind' could understand that they would be able trick another child into believing something that was untrue; this is called a False Belief.

      An example of a False Belief would be a child who has a box of chocolates which is not actually filled with chocolates but instead it is filled with Kleenex. This child realizes that when he/she goes to give out the 'chocolates' the person the child is trying to trick will believe that they are getting candies and not a handful of Kleenex. This child understands that the other person he/she is trying to play a trick on does not know what they know. 

       Some children with autism (such as Asperger’s Syndrome) are considered to have ‘mind-blindness’; in other words, autistic individuals generally lack a ‘theory of mind’.



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